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Vaccines for your cat

Cat Vaccines.pdf

Every cat is unique and Ellington Center Animal Clinic takes your cat’s lifestyle into account when we recommend vaccines.  Not every pet should receive every available vaccine.  Talk with our veterinarians and decide which vaccines are right for your pet. While vaccines are a very important part of good health, routine physical exams are the BEST strategy to keep your pet healthy.  

 Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR): is an upper respiratory infection in cats caused by a herpes virus.  FVR is very contagious and can cause coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, conjunctivitis and sometimes a very high fever.  Pneumonia may develop and may be fatal, especially in young kittens.

Calicivirus (C):  is a virus that affects the upper respiratory system, eyes, musculoskeletal system, and gastrointestinal tract.   Common symptoms usually appear suddenly and develop rapidly.  Symptoms include painful lameness, fever, mild loss of appetite, pneumonia , ulcerations on the tongue, palate, lips or tip of the nose and upper respiratory infection with eye and nose discharge. 

Panleukopenia (P):  is a highly contagious, and life-threatening viral disease that affects the gastrointestinal system and bone marrow.  The virus is ubiquitous and can be found in most places that are not routinely disinfected.  Kittens with immature immune systems and unvaccinated cats are particularly susceptible. 

Together, these 3 vaccines are given in a single injection known as the FVRCP vaccine.  This is considered a core vaccine, since all cats are at risk.  Vaccination begins at 6-8 weeks of age, and continues every 3-4 weeks until the kitten is 12 weeks or older.  The last vaccine is considered effective for one year.  After the first year, the FVRCP vaccine is boostered every three years.

 

RABIES:  Connecticut state law requires all dogs and cats to be vaccinated against rabies.   Pets are exposed to rabies by a bite from an infected animal.  The rabies virus attacks the brain.  There is no treatment available and the disease is always fatal.  Kittens receive their first vaccine at 3 calendar months of age.  The first vaccine is considered effective for 1-year.  After the first year, rabies vaccines are boostered every three years.

 

Feline Leukemia Virus (FELV):  This virus is transmitted through bodily secretions such as saliva, urine, feces, and blood.  Many times it is transmitted between cats that spend time outdoors and get into cat fights. The virus can suppress blood cell production and thus weaken a cat’s immune system.  The feline leukemia vaccine is recommended for all cats that go outside.  Vaccination requires an initial injection and a booster  3-4 weeks later.  The booster vaccine is considered effective for one year.  After the first year, a booster vaccine is administered every three years until the cat reaches 10 years of age.

  




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